A colony of baldfaced hornets undertook their own paper project at the studio.


David Ashley
Calligrapher / Bookbinder

Leon Loughridge

Tom Parson
Letterpress Printer

Rod Replogle
Fine Artist

Christie Ginanni Stepan
Letterpress Printer

Janet Stevens
Children's Book Illustrator


Ravi Zupa
Fine Art Printing

Lucy Holtsnider
Letterpress Printing

David Mittelman
Letterpress Printing


Leigh Holden
Hand Papermaking

German Murillo
Hand Papermaking

Zoe Tweed
Hand Papermaking

Fawn Atencio
Hand Papermaking

Detmold illustration of hornet's nest from Fabre's Book of Insects.

This detail from a 1936 Tudor Publishing edition of Fabre's Book of Insects shows a cut-away view of
a hornets' nest.

Studio Associate / Baldfaced Hornets

As Ray began to remove old siding, decades of paper wasp nests turned up behind every crack. After the rehab was over, baldfaced hornets built their own addition to the papermaking studio.

Both mix chewed wood and saliva to make paper. So what's the difference between the nests of paper wasps and baldfaced hornets?

The nests of paper wasps are the work of a single female and have one layer of brood cells that usually hangs, umbrella-like, from a single stalk.

Hornets build their nests communally. They consist of multiple layers of brood cells enclosed in a spherical paper covering.

If you're not familiar with the remarkable British artist who did the hornet illustration at right, the life and work of Edward Julius Detmold are definitely worth a look.